EPC Regulations for Landlords in 2023

As a landlord, keeping up to date with the latest regulations regarding energy efficiency in your rental properties is essential. The Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) and Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Regulations have changed in recent years, and more changes are coming in 2023. In this blog, we'll cover everything you need to know about these changes and how they could affect you.

What are EPC Regulations?

The Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Regulations require landlords to have an EPC for their rental properties. An EPC rates a property's energy efficiency from A to G, with A being the most energy efficient and G being the least. The certificate provides information about a property's energy efficiency, including its carbon emissions and potential running costs.

Why EPC Regulations are Important

Keeping on top of EPC regulations is essential for landlords for several reasons.

Having an EPC for a rental property is legally required. Failure to comply with this requirement can result in financial penalties, which can be significant. By ensuring that your property has an up-to-date EPC, you can avoid these penalties and secure that your property complies with the law.

Secondly, EPC ratings can impact your property's rental income and marketability. Properties with higher EPC ratings are generally more attractive to tenants, who are increasingly concerned about energy efficiency and environmental impact. Landlords who invest in energy efficiency improvements and achieve higher EPC ratings can command higher rents and attract a wider pool of potential tenants.

Thirdly, improving your property's energy efficiency can help reduce your running costs and profits. You can reduce your energy bills and increase your net income by improving energy efficiency, such as installing insulation or upgrading heating systems. This is particularly important in the current climate, where energy prices rise, and landlords face increased costs.

Finally, improving your property's energy efficiency can help to reduce your carbon footprint and contribute to a more sustainable future. Investing in energy efficiency improvements can reduce your property's carbon emissions and help mitigate the impact of climate change. This is becoming increasingly important as more and more people become aware of the importance of reducing their carbon footprint.

What are MEES?

MEES are regulations that aim to improve the energy efficiency of rental properties in England and Wales. Under these regulations, landlords must ensure that their properties have a minimum EPC rating of E or above before granting a new tenancy or renewing an existing one. This applies to all privately rented properties requiring an EPC, including houses and flats.

What are the current EPC requirements for landlords?

Currently all properties that are let to tenants require an EPC rating of ‘E’ or above. It is illegal to let a property with and F or G rating.

How will EPC requirements for landlords change in the future?

There are no changes to residential EPC regulations in 2023 or 2024.

This big changes hit in 2025. From 2025, all newly rented properties will be required to have an EPC rating of C or above. For existing tenancies, the new regulations won’t apply until 2028.

The new rule changes are in line with the Government’s net zero emissions by 2050 targets. Along with creating more energy efficient homes.

What happens if I fail to comply with EPC regulations?

Landlords who fail to comply with the new regulations could face financial penalties. The penalties will be based on the rateable value of the property and could range from £2,000 for properties with a rateable value of £50,000 or less to £150,000 for properties with a rateable value of £500,000 or more.

Buy an Energy Retrofit Report today!

An Energy Retrofit Report is a document that provides recommendations for improving the energy efficiency of a property. The report includes a detailed assessment of the property's energy use and suggests cost-effective measures to improve energy efficiency. An Energy Retrofit Report can help landlords to identify cost-effective energy efficiency improvements that will enhance their property's EPC rating and comply with the new regulations.

Use Plot Map to buy your Energy Retrofit Report today! Landlords who fail to comply with the new regulations could face financial penalties, so acting now is essential to improve your property's energy efficiency.

Sign up to PropertyData for free

How PropertyData can help you

PropertyData investor illustration

Be a smarter property investor using data

Some of the ways property investors use PropertyData to boost their returns

I'm an investor
PropertyData data illustration

Make data-driven development decisions

How property developers can use market research in decision-making

I'm a developer
PropertyData clients illustration

Save time and impress your clients with data

How agents can use PropertyData to gain an edge on the competition

I'm an agent

Limit reached

Sorry, you've reached your monthly search limit.

Upgrade your account or purchase additional credits for more searches.

Upgrade Purchase credits

Upgrade to download PDFs

There are many places in PropertyData to export data as well-formatted PDF files, including Local Data, Plot Map, Valuations, property reports and more.

  Download PDFs Branded PDFs
Basic
Standard
Pro
Unlimited
Start your free trial now

Transparent data promise

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated in near real-time.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from the portal, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

What are the statistics used?

Averages shown are the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How do you know the square footage of properties?

We use proprietary technology to read the square footage of properties from agent floorplans. Although we cannot determine the square footage for all properties, we can usually get sufficient coverage. Agents are sometimes known to inflate square footage, and this should be borne in mind as a weakness of this data.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated in near real-time.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from the portal, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property "price paid" data provided by the Land Registry.

How often is the data updated?

Once per month when released by the Land Registry, typically towards the end of each calendar month covering up to the end of the previous calendar month.

What time period does the data cover?

You can customise the time period using the filter at the top of the view. The default time period is up to 9 months back from today's date. The latest data covers the period up to 2024-03-01, although some sales that took place before this date may still be added in the coming months.

How is the raw data processed?

No additional processes are applied to this data.

What are the statistics used?

Averages shown are the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property "price paid" data provided by the Land Registry, and Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) data provided by Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities.

How do you know the square footage of properties?

We match the Land Registry data to EPC data provided by the Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities. Due to the fact that not all properties sold have had an EPC and vagaries of addressing in the UK, we are not able to determine the square footage of all properties, but we can usually get sufficient coverage.

How often is the data updated?

The private paid data is updated once per month when released by the Land Registry, typically towards the end of each calendar month covering up to the end of the previous calendar month. The energy performance certificate database is updated monthly.

What time period does the data cover?

You can customise the time period using the filter at the top of the view. The default time period is up to 9 months back from today's date. The latest data covers the period up to 2024-03-01, although some sales that took place before this date may still be added in the coming months.

How is the raw data processed?

No additional processes are applied to this data.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated in near real-time.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from the portal, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Room let listings on SpareRoom, the UK's biggest room letting website.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated in near real-time.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from SpareRoom, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated in near real-time.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from the portal, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded. Yields are calculated by comparing only properties with the same number of bedrooms, e.g. 3-bedroom properties for rent with 3-bedroom properties for sale.

What is the yield calculation used?

The calculation used is (average_weekly_asking_rent * 52 / average_asking_price), expressed as a percentage. It is a top-line gross yield, meaning no expenses are considered.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated in near real-time.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from Zoopla, Rightmove or Spareroom, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Yields are calculated by comparing only properties with the same number of bedrooms, e.g. 3-bedroom properties for rent with 3-bedroom properties for sale. For the SpareRoom data, hypothetical properties consisting of two to six average double rooms with shared bathrooms are used to derived average rent. For all sources, listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

What is the yield calculation used?

The calculation used is (average_weekly_asking_rent * 52 / average_asking_price), expressed as a percentage. It is a top-line gross yield, meaning no expenses are considered.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property "price paid" data provided by the Land Registry.

How often is the data updated?

Once per month when released by the Land Registry, typically towards the end of each calendar month covering up to the end of the previous calendar month.

Zoopla Zed-index

What time period does the data cover?

The data covers transactions in the last six years

How is the raw data processed?

No additional processes are applied to this data.

What are the statistics used?

The average shown is the interquartile mean, a type of average that is insensitive to outliers while being its own distinct parameter. The 80% range means that 80% of the listed properties fall inside this range.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How often is the data updated?

The listings data is updated in near real-time. The Land Registry data is updated once per month when released, typically towards the end of each calendar month covering up to the end of the previous calendar month.

What time period does the data cover?

The price paid data shown goes back to January 2015. The listings data is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from the portal, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

What are the calculations used?

Average sales per month are for the last 3 finalised months. Turnover is average sales per month divided by total for sale. Inventory is 100 divided by turnover.

Where does the raw data come from?

Property listings seen on rightmove.co.uk, zoopla.co.uk and onthemarket.com.

How often is the data updated?

The listings data is updated in near real-time. The Land Registry data is updated once per month when released, typically towards the end of each calendar month covering up to the end of the previous calendar month.

What time period does the data cover?

This is a real-time market snapshot - the data covers currently listed properties. Once properties are removed from the portal, they are soon removed from this tab.

How is the raw data processed?

Duplicates from multiple sources are matched and reconciled as far as possible. Listings with obvious errors, where price or number or bedrooms appear out of range, are discarded.

Where does the raw data come from?

We receive data on the extent and corporate ownership of all land titles in England & Wales from the Land Registry.

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated once per month when released, typically in the first few days of each calendar month.

What time period does the data cover?

This is an ownership snapshot - the data represents ownership as recorded by the Land Registry at the last monthly export.

How is the raw data processed?

No additional processes are applied to this data.

Where does the raw data come from?

We source different expert forecasts Savills, Knight Frank, OBR

How often is the data updated?

The data is updated annually when new forecasts are released, typically towards the beginning of the year.

How is the raw data processed?

We calculate a consensus forecast using a simple mean average.